Sergeants carried halberds, like this reproduction, to signify rank. Replaced by more functional weapons by the time of the Revolution, this spear-and-axe combination was ornamental only.
The Brown Bess musket gets its name from its brown stock. Long muskets, like the reproduction pictured here, were the weapon of choice in pitched battles.
Mounted officers carried pistols like this reproduction. These weapons were most accurate at close range.
This tool, called a worm, was used to remove debris from the barrel of a weapon. A small piece of rag could be threaded in its tines to swab out residue in the cylinder.
Fine swords indicated rank and stature. Mounted officers gestured with swords to direct battle.
Flints and cartridges were transported in boxes like this one. Cartridge-sized holes were bored in a block of wood, which was then wrapped with leather.
A canteen's wood could impart flavor to the water inside, making white oak a favorite and cedar less so. Tin and glass also were used.
Keeping weapons clean and functional was of vital importance to the Revolutionary soldier. A pick and brush like this one helped keep his touchhole and pan clear.
Lead musket balls were packed in black powder and bundled in paper to make a cartridge.
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation © 2007